Voila un reportage/documentaire excellent (à 95%) sur la santé, l’alimentation végétalienne, et les nutriments. Je commente en dessous quelques points importants qui manquent à ce reportage.
C’est ironique que tout le monde se soucie des carences des véganes alors qu’une alimentation végétalienne est de plus en plus utilisée comme une des thérapies les plus puissantes au monde. On est censés manger comme ça, forcément qu’on guérit ! C’est comme arrêter de pisser dans son réservoir d’essence, il y a pas de magie.
Le public, consommateurs de protéines animales souffre d’intoxication par ces aliments et de carences en minéraux, vitamines, fibres, et phyto-nutriments. Mais ils sont toujours au rendez-vous, et deviennent spontanément des experts en nutritions, pour se soucier des carences supposément intrinsèques à l’alimentation végétale. Qu’en est-il vraiment ?
Il y a UNE et UNE SEULE carence donc il faut absolument se soucier dans le concept général d’alimentation végétalienne…c’est la vitamine B12, fin de l’histoire.
Pour le reste des carences purement nutritionnelles c’est des carences de gens (omnivore ou pas) qui mangent autre chose que des aliments d’origine végétale non-transformés, c’est à dire qui mangent des aliments relativement pas nutritifs voire toxiques. Il ne faut pas confondre le concept d’alimentation végétale, et les carences qui apparaissent chez des gens qui malbouffent et donc implémentent mal le concept d’alimentation végétale et du coup développent inévitablement des carences, des intoxications, et des maladies qui vont avec.
La B12, parlons-en !
C’est le seul supplément obligatoire pour les véganes. Allez sur les sites d’information pour le dosage, elle coûte quedalle (2€/an pour moi) et peut être prise quotidiennement, une fois par semaine, ou en injection tous les 3 mois je crois (c’est pas pour moi ce truc !). Je prends 2500 mcg une fois par semaine et teste ma B12 tous les 6 mois au départ puis tous les ans depuis que je suis rassuré que le dosage est suffisant sur plusieurs prises de sang.
Beaucoup de consommateurs de viandes et autres sont déficients en vitamine B12 donc c’est important pour eux aussi, mais particulièrement important pour les véganes dont l’alimentation n’en contient pas du tout dans les conditions modernes de vie.
=> ACTION :
Tout le monde mais surtout si végane: Prenez de la B12! Renseignez-vous à ce sujet. Achetez une B12 végane. Testez-là régulièrement: Test sanguin B12 + Test Acide Méthylmalonique (urine ou sang).
Le soja ne pose de vrais problèmes (allergie, intolérance, etc) qu’à très peu de personnes en réalité. Les cas à problème sont sur-représentés dans ce reportage. Contrairement au cliché, pas toutes les personnes végétaliennes en sont fans. C’est loin d’être perçu comme un remplacement à la viande, ainsi cette perception persiste chez les non-végétaliens. Le seul remplacement nécéssaire des aliments carnées c’est des aliments végétaux, tout simplement.
On (ma femme et moi) en avons mangé très régulièrement au départ mais on en avait toujours mangé de toute façon vivant en Asie, même avant de ficher la paix aux animaux. On n’en consomme plus désormais, ça reste un aliment transformé. On préfère par souci de qualité nutritionnelle, de prévention, et de santé optimale une alimentation végétale complète (non-transformée). On mange occasionnellement le tempeh, qui contient la graine de soja complète contrairement au tofu qui est un jus de soja gélifié. Avec plusieurs milliers de plantes comestibles (connues) dans le monde, le soja est un aliment parmi d’autres et n’est pas du tout indispensable.
=> ACTION :
Aucune inquiétude à avoir concernant le soja si vous décidez d’en manger régulièrement, à supposer que vous mangez une alimentation végétale faible en aliments gras, *variée*, et principalement constituée d’aliments complets non-transformés.
Calcium, besoin de s’en soucier ?
Le documentaire recommande une eau riche en calcium. Vous me direz l’O.M.S. observe que beaucoup de pays industrialisés ont une consommation de calcium plus faible que…les recommandations officielles. Mais que valent celles-ci justement?
Cet apport jugé trop faible par l’O.M.S est dû à:
une quantité de calcium recommandée trop élevée
une alimentation transformée trop pauvres en aliments végétaux complets (non-transformés).
Les recommandations sur l’apport quotidien de calcium sont en train d’être revues à la baisse pour tenir compte des études et observations récentes qui sont plus en faveur d’un apport adéquat entre ~200 à 600 mg plutôt que les ~1000 mg actuels, c’est à dire “comme par hasard” ce qu’on consomme naturellement sas se soucier de rien tant qu’on mange une alimentation variée, riche en aliments complets ( =non-transformés) d’origine végétale, et faibles en gras.
Les excès de calcium non-végétal (eau et compléments), fréquents à cause du matraquage de l’industrie laitière au sujet du calcium, sont aussi problématiques, car liés à des taux de fracture plus élevés.
Enfin, une eau riche en calcium n’est pas nécessaire et potentiellement à risque parce qu’elle réduirait l’acidité dans l’estomac (pH plus élevé que la normale acide, vers la neutralisation du pH). L’acidité gastrique naturelle est importante pour absorber les nutriments, minéraux en particuliers.
=> ACTION :
Aucune inquiétude à avoir concernant le calcium, à supposer que vous mangez une alimentation végétale faible en aliments gras, *variée*, et principalement constituée d’aliments complets non-transformés.
C’est pas un problème de véganes du tout même s’il y a un peu (et pas assez) de vitamine D dans les aliments d’origine animale.
La base de la création de la vitamine D pour tous les mammifères diurnes (qui vivent le jour) c’est une exposition suffisante au soleil.
=> ACTION : Végetalien•ne•s ou pas, exposez-vous au soleil quand il y en a, avec soin (se couvrir de vêtements ou de crème solaire quand ça tape), et idéalement en prenant du plaisir (sport, ballade, bronzette, etc.).
Si le style de vie, la couleur de peau ou la situation géographique ne permettent pas une exposition suffisante au soleil, il y a des compléments alimentaires véganes de vitamine D3, à base de lichen (et pas de graisse de laine de moutons).
Pour tout le monde: en saisons peu ensoleillées prendre un supplément. Vérifier sa vitamine D régulièrement par prise de sang (en même temps que la B12 tant qu’affaire), qu’on soit végane ou pas.
“Trop de fibres mène à des carences minérales” ?
Non, beaucoup de fibres c’est en fait la quantité normale. Quand ces fibres viennent de céréales complètes (blé, riz , etc..) ou de légumineuses (haricots, soja, lentilles, etc) et certaines graines grasses (sésame, noix, etc) elles sont associées à différentes quantités d’acide phytique, qui serait selon certains un inhibiteur de l’absorption de minéraux de type “2+”: le fer (Fe2+), le zinc (Zn2+), le calcium (Ca2+) etc…
Mais en plus des bénéfices de ces aliments en eux-même parce qu’ils sont végétaux complets et faibles en gras si c’est pas des graines grasses, on découvre depuis peu que l’acide phytique est aussi un antioxidant puissant associé à beaucoup de bénéfices de santé. Alors que faire ? Bah la même chose que ce qu’on fait avec le reste des aliments d’origine végétale complets et faibles en lipides : les manger sachant qu’ils améliorent la santé, sans se triturer l’esprit avec les interactions entre chacun des millions de nutriments !
=> ACTION: Ne pas s’en soucier et vérifier régulièrement un bilan ferrique *complet* (attention aux Drs fénéants qui se précipitent vers des conclusions hatives alors qu’ils manquent d’information: les volume des globule rouges (tout seul) ou la densité de globule rouges (prise seule) ou la ferritine seulement ne suffisent pas, il faut TOUT regarder: hématocrite, transferinne, saturation de la transferinne, CRP etc…). Vous avez pas besoin de comprendre tous ces mots compliqués, comprenez juste que pour forcer votre docteur à pas vous raconter n’importe quoi, exigez de lui ou d’elle un bilan ferrique (et inflammatoire) complet si c’est pas déjà le cas par défaut en France. Anémie jurée
J’ai été souvent obligé de leur tirer les oreilles à ce sujet. BAC+12 et ils•elles (pratiquement tous/toutes) te flaquent à tout le monde, inutilement, des compléments ferriques qui te bousillent le bide ou des protéines animales toxiques, juste parce qu’ils sont pas fichus ni de dresser un bilan ferrique comme il faut, ni de l’interpréter correctement, c’est grave quand-même !
Carences en fer: Ne pas confondre alimentation végane avec problème de santé déjà existants, ou mauvaise implémentation
Si je mange une mangue (chose rare) aujourd’hui et que le lendemain ma voiture tombe en panne, il serait pas pertinent de dire que c’est à cause de la mangue que j’ai mangé la veille, parce que d’habitude la voiture a pas de problème, et la seule chose qui a changé récemment c’est cette mangue que j’ai mangé.
Il arrive malheureusement que des gens aient pour la première fois dans leur vie un problème de santé particulier et que cela se produise après avoir transité vers une alimentation végétalienne. Quand on est pas bien instruit sur l’alimentation et qu’il reste des vieux mythes de l’alimentation végétalienne comme étant quelque chose de carencé, on se rue à croire que c’est forcément dû à l’alimentation végétalienne sans même faire faire d’enquête médicale, de chercher à optimiser l’alimentation. C’est comme ça qu’on a une flopée de témoignage de ces fameux “ex-veganes” et de leur livres qui font sensation et réconfortent les amateurs d’aliments carnés dans leurs habitudes toxiques.
Ces ex-vegans (ou plutôt ex-végétaliens) c’est soit des gens avec un problème de santé chronique, on eu une implémentation de l’alimentation végétalienne qui est la pire (vegane-malbouffe) ou qui ont négligé leur nutrition. Puis au lieu de prendre leur responsabilité, vont mettre le blâme sur le mode d’alimentation en général. C’est un peu comme avoir une jambe et un bras pété et ou se bourrer la gueule, puis porter plainte contre Renault parce qu’on s’est mangé un platane et que c’est donc forcément à cause de la voiture, ou de la route, ou du platane.
Quand c’est pas une carence en B12 parce qu’ils ont eu la bonne idée de pas prendre de supplément de B12, la carence en fer avec les anémies et fatigues reviennent souvent…
Si une carence en fer est visible malgré une alimentation végétalienne irréprochable (quand ça arrive, c’est rare, et c’est chez les femmes en général) c’est très souvent un problème gynécologique à régler (rien à voir avec la nutrition) et d’une manière générale une perte de sang trop élevée. Ça peut être aussi à cause de médicaments/pilule, ou enfin à cause d’une maladie gastrique qui n’a rien avoir avec une alimentation végétale: comme les colites, maladie de Crohn, etc.
Enfin, si c’est rien de tout ça, un dernier recours alimentaire consiste à optimiser l’alimentation à fond (ce qui n’est pas nécessaire normalement) pour enlever tout ce qui peut être un frein à l’absorption de fer: laisser tremper tous les grains et légumineuses plusieurs jours avant de les faire cuire pour que des enzymes phytases dégradent l’acide phytique, c’est ce qu’on appelle la “déphytinisation“. A cela peut s’ajouter symboliquement l’action de réduire et/ou isoler (consommer séparément) tout ce qui est riche en substances qui réduisent l’absorption de fer (soja, café, chocolat, cacao, le thé la plante – mais pas les infusions herbales) et manger suffisamment d’aliments crus comme fruits et salades pour augmenter la vitamine C qui aide à absorber le fer alimentaire. Pas besoin de suppléments…et surtout pas besoin d’animaux morts!
Et si vraiment mais alors vraiment rien n’y fait ou qu’il y a besoin d’une action rapide pour une raison lambda, bah il y a a toujours les suppléments véganes de fer.
Jus d’orange avec les repas ?…ou pas
Aliments complets riches en vitamines C oui, mais mais laissez tomber les jus ce sont des produits transformés, sans fibre ou bourrés de sucre extraits.
Manger fruits variés et/ou salades (crus) avec les repas pour optimiser la symbiose Vitamine C / fer. Encore une fois c’est intuitif donc ne pas vous triturer l’esprits avec chaque nutriment ou des calculs inutiles. Il y a de la vitamine C en quantité appréciable dans quasiment tous les aliments crus donc ne vous restreignez pas aux oranges ni aux aliments les plus denses. C’est la variation et la diversité qui paye, pas les super-aliments et autres mythes.
Voir liste USDA : Vitamine C dans les fruits et légumes (Unité: mg/100g).
Ah les Inuites…
Alors oui, le corps est capable de tout et n’importe quoi…et dans le n’importe quoi, il y a manger quasiment que de la viande comme l’ont fait les Inuites, populations émigrées en terrains “végétalement deserts”. L’intervenant dans le documentaire laisse entendre qu’on peut manger tous les extrêmes, le corps gère de toutes façons…
Mais on peut pas comparer les végétaliens comme ça aux Inuites pour dire que le corps est capables de tout. Les végétaliens ou quasi-végétaliens qui mangent une alimentation complète et pauvre en lipides (= le modèle qui s’impose le plus souvent) vivent jusqu’à 90 à 110 ans en excellente santé. Les Inuites survivent toute leur vie malgré les insultes métabolique qu’ils s’infligent. Contrairement un article infondé qui a longtemps entretenu le mythe des Inuites en bonne santé cardio-vasculaire, les Inuites meurent jeunes et ont des taux phénoménaux de maladies cardiovasculaires et de cancers.
Je suis d’accord de reconnaître la résilience du corps humain. Que les Inuites arrivent déjà à se développer normalement, à apprécier un petit bout de vie, et se mouvoir est un miracle de la Nature. Cela montre en effet que le corps a des mécanismes de survie impressionnants pour tenir à peu près la route malgré aux tortures inutiles qu’on lui inflige….jusqu’à un certain point. De là à se dire qu’on peut manger n’importe quoi et que l’alimentation n’a aucun effet sur la santé…faut vraiment être de mauvaise foi ou chercher désespérément justification pour conforter nos habitudes toxiques.
(Activer les sous-titres Français)
Une alimentation 100% végétale, variée et diversifiée, essentiellement complète (non-transformée), et faible en lipides, avec un apport calorique adéquat et un supplément adéquat de vitamine B12 satisfait tous les besoins nutritionnels.
Plus que ça, cette alimentation prévient, stoppe, et souvent guérit de la plupart des maladies modernes dont les plus mortelles et handicapantes: maladies cardiovasculaires (crises cardiaques, AVC, hypertension, etc) diabète, obésité, cancers, etc.
Voir documentaire Forks over Knives ou La Santé dans l’Assiette pour plus d’informations à ce sujet.
In my reading and interacting online, I’ve come across different uses of the word “orthorexia”. Some people, like the person who coined this word, strictly reserve it to cases where the person got physically sick from it. Others are happy to throw the word “orthorexia” at anyone who seems to be interested in eating in a healthy way, usually healthier than themselves.
The first time I came across this word it was from someone promoting a very obsolete (health-damaging) dietary lifestyle. When I confronted him, he explained that he should be thanked for working hard to ease people into developing a healthy relationship to food and fight off “orthorexia”. Basically, he was trying to reassure people that are curious about how to eat healthfully, and/or people whom feel bad for genuine excesses of junk foods. His advice was down the line of “a little bit of everything”, “moderation” etc., in short, stuff which we know gives the population a little bit of every cancer, and give otherwise preventable cardiovascular disease to a moderately huge portion of the population.
So I looked at the definition of “orthorexia” and something very interesting happened!
I wasn’t interpreting the definition with the common biases of someone who eats carelessly and judges from there. I read the definition from the standpoint of someone who understands rather extensively and on evidence-based grounds, that what most people eat, makes most of the sickness.
Suddenly, and I must say ironically, orthorexia explained very well why the general public eats its ways to disease and death, in massive numbers and with appalling predictability. By general public I mean most people, of most countries.
I called it “orthorexia nervosa populi” for orthorexia of the people, or “orthorexia nervosa vulgaris” for Common Orthorexia.
Analysis of definition #1 – Bratman’s original definition
“dietary restrictions intended to promote health may paradoxically lead to unhealthy consequences, such as social isolation, anxiety, loss of ability to eat in a natural, intuitive manner, reduced interest in the full range of other healthy human activities, and, in rare cases, severe malnutrition or even death.”
Let’s analyse all this.
People representing the general public’s way of eating are restricting their diet from a wide variety of unprocessed whole plant and mushroom foods.
“intended to promote health”
Based on popular nutritional illiteracy, a (low-fat, whole-food) plant-based diet is commonly viewed as unhealthy and extreme. The general public avoid eating in what is perceived as “extreme” or “unhealthy” ways, and instead holds beliefs such as:
“some oils are health-healthy”,
“meat is good because you need protein”,
“milk is good for bones”,
“fish is good for omega-3s needed by the brain”,
“what doesn’t kill you makes you stronger”
yin/yang or heating/cooling balance, alkaline/acid balance between health-promoting and health-damaging foods and habits, etc.
Additionally, and beyond physical health, the average eater follows whatever food is pleasurable based on familiarity, which is heavily influenced by culture and the food habits parents have passed on during upbringing. There is a sense of psychological health in the pleasure and satisfaction derived from eating foods we grew used to, unfortunately most often foods with a very relevant negative impact on health.
In short, for most people, pleasure is the new health, and it’s often assumed pleasure can only come from the foods one is already used to, and mistakenly assumed this cannot change.
“may paradoxically lead to unhealthy consequences”
Look at the rates of cancer and heart disease in essentially (low-fat, whole-food) plant-based rural China in the 1980s, and look in your own country.
“such as social isolation”
A majority of people, in a growing number of countries eating a Western-type diet, will unfortunately suffer for decades from cardiovascular disease and/or cancers. These are mostly preventable and largely caused/promoted/worsened by a poor dietary lifestyle centred on animal and processed foods. Ask someone getting their chest open or undergoing chemotherapy if they don’t feel isolated. Sadly, most cultural or “convenience” diets leads to much isolation.
There are different ways by which eating “a relaxed, unrestricted diet” causes anxiety: the short-term, the sickness and the guilt.
Some junk foods are known to change the mood and raise anxiety. Few people are aware how sugar or animal protein increases stress levels. That in the short-term. Disease and illness are also very anxiogenic, especially when people can no longer do simple things they used to, life is threatened, drugs are ineffective and cause undesirable effects.
Anxiety is also what I often observe when I talk to people about healthy eating. Without even doing that, just observe the inner struggles of people that don’t “restrict” anything, and yet are filled with guilt because they know better. A lifetime of poor choices we’re well-aware of, is a lifetime of anxiety and guilt, and that’s before people even get seriously sick. It gets worse then.
“loss of ability to eat in a natural, intuitive manner“
Well, that’s done long ago, find me other apes that naturally and intuitively eat white bread, French fries, ice-cream, or pizza covered in cheese.
There is nothing natural about what most people eat today. There is nothing intuitive in spending a life of eating foods that we don’t digest well, make us regularly sick and result in life-threatening illness. There is nothing intuitive in continuing to eat “like everyone” when we know too well what kills everyone.
“reduced interest in the full range of other healthy human activities”
People who care little about something as central to health as food can be expected to have a reduced interest about not smoking, minimizing drinking, exercising, taking part in constructive social activities…
“and, in rare cases, severe malnutrition or even death.”
This regrettably not rare. The general public, which consumes a processed and carnist diet (containing foods of animal origin) does routinely suffer malnutrition, does routinely intoxicate itself with food, does routinely suffer the subsequent diseases, and the death caused by the diseases. This is not rare at all. I urge you to consult the public websites with the disease and mortality statistics of your country. They’re made very accessible to the general public nowadays, it’s most often very easy to read.
Analysis of definition number #2 – Ursula Philpot’s definition as former chair of British Dietetic Association
“solely concerned with the quality of the food they put in their bodies, refining and restricting their diets according to their personal understanding of which foods are truly ‘pure’.”
“solely concerned with the quality of the food they put in their bodies”
Most people who have a so-called “relaxed and healthy relationship” to food are solely concerned the pleasure-giving quality of their food.
“refining and restricting their diets according to their personal understanding of which foods are truly ‘pure’.” “refining”: yes, in all its meanings, including literal meaning of “refining”: refined processed foods. “and restricting their diets”: from a wide variety of unprocessed whole plant and mushroom foods, which are naturally nutrient-dense and fiber-rich. “according to their personal understanding of which foods are truly ‘pure'”: “pure” in the understanding of the general public can be:
• what’s pure pleasure, typically the health-damaging “foods” high in animal products, fat, sugar and salt.
• pure can mean traditional, authentic, cultural, but health-damaging foods
• what feels homey, those irresistible family recipes that are emotionally rooted yet are tremendously unhealthy
• local and organic animal products, for instance bought from the local butcher who might also be a friend or relative, or dairy and eggs from our very local friend who owns a cow or chickens which you might have seen yourself “happy” in the open air and pastures…all of which, regardless, still cause the same high rates of damage to heath, disease, and death, because you can’t escape the biology of it.
Analysis of definition #3 – Bratman’s reconsidered definition
“In 2015, responding to news articles in which the term orthorexia is applied to people who merely follow a non-mainstream theory of healthy eating, Bratman specified the following: “A theory may be conventional or unconventional, extreme or lax, sensible or totally wacky, but, regardless of the details, followers of the theory do not necessarily have orthorexia. They are simply adherents of a dietary theory. The term ‘orthorexia’ only applies when an eating disorder develops around that theory.” “
So based on Bratman’s statement, the general public does not necessarily have anorexia, even if it follows the conventional theory, lax and wacky, according to which neither of these is harmful: moderation, carnism, “eating a bit of everything”, and “not depriving oneself of any particular food”.
He goes on:
‘Bratman elsewhere clarifies that with a few exceptions, most common theories of healthy eating are followed safely by the majority of their adherents; however, “for some people, going down the path of a restrictive diet in search of health may escalate into dietary perfectionism.”‘
“with a few exceptions, most common theories of healthy eating are followed safely by the majority of their adherents;”
Some are not theories, but abundantly evidence-based: such as low-fat whole-food plant-based.
In contrast, the mainstream theories (i.e. dietary carnism) and approach to food is surely followed by everyone and is not safe at all. Look at the statistics, compare to plant-based rural Africa half a century ago (or in anywhere today that still eats that way if you find).
All that disease need not exist.
“for some people, going down the path of a restrictive diet in search of health may escalate into dietary perfectionism.”
For many people, going down the path of restricting oneself from unprocessed plant and mushrooms food in search of the pleasure kind of health, does routinely escalate into dietary perfectionism: one that rejects systematically anything that doesn’t have animal products, lots of fat, sugar or salt.
Analysis of definition #4 – (U.S.) National Eating Disorders Association
“Eventually food choices become so restrictive, in both variety and calories, that health suffers – an ironic twist for a person so completely dedicated to healthy eating.”
“Eventually food choices become so restrictive, in both variety and calories, that health suffers”
In orthorexia nervosa populi, the general public’s food is highly restrictive to almost only to processed foods high in fat, sugar and salt along with animal products. It is restricted in terms of calories as it doesn’t allow many low-calorie foods, if any at all. As a result, health suffers, people get obesity, diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, high rates of cancer and so on.
“an ironic twist for a person so completely dedicated to healthy eating.”
An ironic twist for a person so completely dedicated to a life that’s healthy through pleasure.
So much for “having a relaxed and healthy relationship with food”.
Morale of the story
I’ll stop at four definitions, I think you get the point by now.
I could go with virtually any definition of orthorexia nervosa, to easily demonstrate that the general public itself is the leading community that most literally suffers orthorexia nervosa.
The only differences with the conventional interpretation are:
mistaken beliefs on the benefit of harmful foods on physical health
the benchmark for foods that are “healthy” in orthorexia nervosa populi are foods that are “psychologically” healthy through pleasure.
As for the harmful effects on heath, we observe both physical and psychological, and as far as the psychological aspect is concerned, the spectrum of is large:
it starts with guilt,
turns into anxiety and depression from sickness and disease and
can also take the form of neuro-degenerative diseases like far higher rates of Alzeimer’s disease in junk-food-reliant countries.
This article is not to minimize the serious health issues that some people experience by following trends (like Atkins, Paleo, etc…) which are neither rooted in clinical scientific evidence, nor based on any reasonable and coherent considerations.
This is not to take the defence of the many people who get at the doorstep of ways of eating proven to be healthy (ex: plant-based diets) but implement it completely wrongly, for instance : not introducing enough food diversity, not taking B12, or eating an overly processed version of it and as a result get predictably sick. A good example is a great portion of “ex-vegans” whom often blame the diet instead of questioning their own implementation of it or an unexplored health issue (like, among others, menstrual/intestinal bleeding so important that even the generous amount of iron in a healthy plant-based diet can’t make up for it).
This is not to minimize the gravity of the issue of people seeking physical health and hurting themselves by doing it wrongly, or as a means of self-harm, typically for those who had started the dietary journey loaded with personal issues.
In short, this article is not ammunition for people who genuinely qualify to the conventional definition to retaliate back when they have demonstrably eaten their way to illness. Yes, these people exist and they are relatively very few.
What I am doing here is showing the other side of the big finger pointing at “conventional” orthorexia. There we find many more people making themselves sick, in fact virtually everyone. Almost every person has an obsession for foods that maintain psychological well-being through the pleasure we get from eating junk foods. This attitude is shielded by dogmatic theories (now fallacies) on omnivorism. At the scale of the general population, this attitude leads most systematically to serious nutrient restrictions, chronic food intoxication, and routinely to premature, preventible death.
When a cancer is clinically declared, or a heart disease threatens someone’s life, the illness cares very little whether the person got sick by prioritizing the carefreeness sort of health over physical health (Orthorexia Nervosa Populi), or by seeking physical healthy and getting it wrong (conventional Orthorexia Nervosa). A metastatic cancer cares little whether a fancy name was given to our poor behaviour, or not. It cares little if we were on the side of majority, or breaking out from it trying to eat sanely, or to compensate for personal issues.
Bottom line, all these attitudes have in common: nutritional illiteracy.
Nutritional illiteracy is best achieved by not wanting to know, by thinking we know, or by being confident we know but knowing the wrong things.
The good news is: You are not doomed.
Do we really have to choose between healthy food and pleasure?
I am living proof that no, far from it!
At this time, the best evidence over more than half a century of science and clinical trials, clearly points the healthiest way of eating as being : high-carb, low-fat, whole-food, plant-based nutrition, with no oil, flavour from food instead of salt and sweetness from sweet whole foods instead of from the many extracted sugars out there.
If you want to find out more, watch and listen to: Dr. T. Colin Campbell, Dr. Esselstyn and Dr. McDougall.
That is the science.
As for what it’s like to eat that way: It is the sweet spot that combines pleasure, carefreeness, and health, with no compromise. But to fully understand that, you can’t just use your fear-fed imagination, speculate, or throw a snap judgement and call it “extreme”…To really know you need to do your homework first. If that looks convincing and serious enough, then steer your way out of popular death foods and the theories that try to make sense of then without proving a benefit similar to what low-fat plants, whole-foods, plants and mushrooms have to offer.
The destination is only what we’re all supposed to eat. It’s normal if at first it looks very far, or extreme. What’s actually extreme is how far away each one of us is from eating foods that do what they’re supposed to do: not kill us, taste wonderful, and support our health.
It’s almost fascinating how much science and time can be wasted on looking for and perfecting the right way to do the wrong thing. Fascinating…in a concerning way!
At the present time, the debates on (dietary) oil are only one of many such blindfolded colossal efforts to paint the “fine and complex” intricate science of a predictably unhelpful dead-end.
Popular belief and various media regularly bring up the discussions around “Which is oil/fat best for cooking?”, “Which is oil/fat best for salads?” or “Which oil/fat is best for health?”. How many people take a step back and ask “Hold on guys, first of all, do we need added oil any added fats at all?!“
I’ve talked about why oil and high-fat are serious health hazards and not compatible with health. For those who understood the “why?” part, I also covered the “how?” part by explaining how we live without oil and high-fat foods. Today, I want to poke your brains with a…graphic riddle. Mystery is sexy! Are you ready baby? Yes, I just called you baby. Confused? I know. But fear not, you will peel off one by one every layer of this mystery, the truth will be…naked! Ooooh it’s going to be…graphic! Brace yourself, it’s going to get really hot and heavy or perhaps not so heavy at all. In all cases, I hope it stimulates you, and together we can come to the conclusion that oil…is the just the dirty way of doing it, and that if you know what you’re doing and you’re doing it well…you don’t need that stuff.
Alright, more seriously now.
Are you good at solving puzzles? Yes? Then let’s play a game.
It’s a simple puzzle to solve, you can leave your interpretation in the comments if you think you found.
Clue #1: Below is a popular graph compiled by Lifehacker to master the art of using oils .
Clue #2: Below that infographic, I just snapped a photo of the front of our very standard (electric) oven at home.
Question: What does that inspire you? (Post in comments)
The various ways of joining the Stroke & Heart Attack club.
Our very basic and standard electric oven.
Think outside the oil box, true “life” hacking starts with caring to preserve and protect life, first and foremost 🙂
Think you found the meaning of this juxtaposition of pictures? => Post in comments.
The debate that wonders “Which oil is the healthiest?” is really is about the same as arguing “Which form of heroin is the healthiest?”. What would be your reaction if there was a debate taken very seriously, and if both your friends and so-called world leading experts on health said “Black-tar heroin is the healthiest choice, because it is the richest in antioxidants. It’s healthiest to not re-use needles”.
I know. Talking about “oil for health” is just as insane.
Have you already figured out ways to be happy in your life without heroin? Excellent! Now I’m hoping you solved the above puzzle. If you did, then you have also figured out how to get similar cooking results without cooking oils. A life with a warranty of being heart-attack-proof and stroke-proof is just around the corner for you.
If you are still wondering why on Earth it matters that foods should be whole foods, look into Whole foods FAQ. That article addresses the “Why?” part of the question. Why whole-foods? Why not processed foods? Why low-fat? Why no oil? Why no salt? Why no sugar? Basically explaining why there is a problem.
What about the solution?
Well, the present article is the “What?” part of question. What is a whole food? What is not? What to buy instead? What to do instead?
There are two ways I know to explain which foods are whole food, which are not, which are acceptable health-wise and which are not. Different people learn in different ways. Some prefer to learn by concepts, some prefer by examples.
If you learn with concepts, what to chose is easy, neat and concise:
“Eat nothing else but low-fat whole plant foods.
If it’s not entirely made of plants, don’t have it.
If it doesn’t look like a plant, make sure the low-fat whole plant food was used and nothing was discarded, nutritionally damaged, extracted nor added that is not a low-fat whole food plant itself.”
That’s it, done. I always prefer positive wording. Simple powerful concepts like this work really well for me. The whole-food concept is a like an alphabet. Once you get the new concept right, the pantry and fridge look more like it, and you then build upwards from that and can’t possibly go wrong. That approach can’t possibly be mistaken for something restrictive. There’s no right way to eat the wrong foods when it comes to health, so drop meals and products that contain processed foods altogether, don’t try to fix processed foods. That strange planet of delicious disease is already obsolete. Just focus on building a *whole* new edifice, that of delicious health, with solid whole-foods foundations.
Now, if you learn best through examples, it’s a bit different. There’s no other way for this than go through a “good/not good” list which may look like a long prohibitive list. But what is really prohibitive? Could it be the insane extent of our reliance on processed foods that is prohibitive to our health? Reading this, chances are that you leave animals alone and off the plate. So imagine making a list of all animal foods people should replace or stop having? It will inevitably be a long list, and will inevitably seem restrictive to some. But you would know better, you would know the reality of it from experience. You would know, that there is no restriction/prohibition when you actually eat far more nutrients, add more years to your life and more life to your years. You would know, it’s not about cutting/eliminating foods (or rather non-foods), it’s fundamentally about having the right foods and nothing else.
Particularly nowadays, and particularly in certain foods cultures, listing all the processed foods we should be weaning from or replacing to eat the right foods can be quite a mouthful!
But I braced myself today to put it all down so it can go to help whoever wants to go whole-food; starting from where many people are (processed foods from supermarkets, restaurants, cafés, take-aways) and moving to food compatible with health that you prepare yourself from whole plants.
Finally, I must insist on two points:
Of all processed foods or non-foods below, oil, salt, and sugar will be of particular concern due the particular health concern with these. Please do not use them and consider instead the easy alternatives offered below.
Every transition in life can take time to be operated painlessly and sustainably. This list should not scare you. It took us about a year from quitting sugar to being almost 100% whole-foods with no oil, salt, or sugar. With the advice below we could have done that much faster! If you can operate all these changes cold-tofu, do it, you have all the tools now! If you need time, do them one step at a time, just keep challenging yourself until you reach the destination. Pain should not be part of this journey. Do observe priorities: Start first with eliminating oil and high-fat foods. Meanwhile, reduce down to zero your use of sugar and salt gradually enough so it’s not a pain. Meanwhile also, replace the non-whole foods by whole foods. Start with those you eat most, what is it for you? pasta? bread? and rice? Then expand to other things. Expanding your whole-food repertoire can also be done adding whole foods you never had before. We’re learning for example how to prepare whole grain groats as a staple, or legumes. It’s not a very Anglo-saxon thing to do but if other cultures figured it out, and it’s whole foods, that’s more options for you!
In short: no oil *at all*, nothing that is high-fat. What does that mean? For an adult who is 100% oil-free low-fat whole-food nutrition (already a big pre-requisite) : no more than 1~2 tablespoons daily total of any combination of nuts/seeds/avocado. Coconut best avoided. Absolutely zero of all of these of recovering from cardiovascular disease.
Oils and fats are found naturally in all low-fat whole plant foods in sufficient amounts. By energy: kale: 12% (of calories are from fat); brown rice: 6%; potatoes : 1%, etc. Given enough diversity in a low-fat whole-food plant diet, *all* our fat nutritional needs are met, including omega-3. Yes, from just plants only. The addition of fat whether extracted from whole foods (i.e. oil) or even high-fat from whole foods (i.e. nuts and avocado) in large amounts is not just unnecessary, but majorly harmful. It contributes greatly to cardiovascular and metabolic disease; ending in heart attacks, strokes, diabetes, higher incidence of cancer, and of a number of degenerative diseases. In short, the unforgiving price to pay for our by-default under-informed, over-optimistic illusion of “moderation”.
Not whole foods, because all oils are extracts, or TO NOT EAT:
Everything that is called “oil” when you buying it from a supermarket, an online store, “health” store, organic shop, or even if you press it yourself from your uncle’s fair-trade organic locally-grown olives. It doesn’t matter. Do not have any oil, whether it’s:
Extra virgin oils
Extra virgin cold-pressed oils
all chocolate (=> cocoa powder although not technically a whole food, is a high-fiber less-high-fat food, a far more acceptable alternative to chocolate if you’re going to use chocolate)
If you are recovering from any cardiovascular disease (from impotence all the way to surviving a stroke or heart attack) the above was the #1 (plant) things you must start having an absolute zero amount of, besides of course ditching absolutely everything of animal origin.
Whole foods, but use at most in very low amounts*:
* Very low amounts = ~1 teaspoon per person per meal, maximum. Absolute zero if recovering from cardiovascular disease.
nuts and seeds
Whole foods, but best avoided or kept for occasional use*
* Occasional use = 1 tablespoon per person once a month at most maybe. Absolute zero if recovering from cardiovascular disease.
coconut flesh from fresh coconut (even then still among the worst possible whole-food fat there is, almost entirely saturated fat). At home we cut one yearly and freeze it for the whole year. That’s becoming how much coconut we have yearly for two people. Amazing taste, but not worth it as a staple.
ALTERNATIVES TO OIL / ADDED FAT / HIGH-FAT FOODS
Just skip the oil. Below is how to do that for common instances where most people use oil. I know it’s hard at first to think it’s even possible to prepare food without oil. But, trust me, let go of being anxious around this, everything below is based on 6 months of kitchen experience of home-cooking without any oil at all.
How to replace oil to heat up spices If you need to develop the aroma of certain seeds like is done in Indian cooking, just dry roast on less-than-medium heat for a few minutes while stirring, then add wet foods (like chopped onions/garlic) first, then ground spices.
How to replace oils for stir-fries and caramelizing onions/garlic:
There are a few alternative options to oil-frying:
Water-frying on high heat with just enough water so it won’t stick nor burn. Add ground spices if needed only after the onions/garlic have softened and become transparent.
OR: Chop onions and garlic very finely and stir on less-than-medium heat in a pan on its own (no added water). Because it is chopped finely it will cook at similar temperatures as with oil, without burning because finely-cut onions/garlic give off their own water.
OR: If stir-frying or frying is important to give a certain taste to food: consider baking instead. It works for French fries, potato wedges, garlic, bell-pepper etc. If you ever find that it makes the foods too dry, then bake a combination of dry/hard foods along with moist/wet foods. You will end up with nice glossy foods that look and feel exactly as if they were stir-fried.
These may not always give exactly the same result as with oil of course, but close enough that people will not even notice you changed something.
How to replace oil/added fat in baking:
Don’t be anxious, just skip the oil, it works in many cases for cakes, breads, etc.
In cakes and breads, oil serves the purpose of holding moisture, that can be done with prune paste. The amount of prune paste* is amount of oil needed divided by 3, there will not be a prune taste. Don’t worry your final food will not taste of prunes. Try for yourself, we did, as recommended in the China Study Cookbook.
*For Wellington, large bags of prunes can be found at reasonably low cost, in bulk, at Moore Wilsons. Store them in the freezer, and you’re good to go for ages.
Other ingredients help hold moisture as well: certain flours more than others, aquafaba, ground flaxseed, applesauce, and other whole-food vegan egg replacements. Also wet foods like applesauce, zucchini, beetroot, bananas, give great moisture-holding.
For dressings and dips:
See Section below “Dressings”.
To prevent sticking:
Use baking paper, non-stick pans, cast iron pans if you don’t like non-stick coatings, or even any regular stainless steel pot with lower heat.
SWEETNESS AND SUGAR
Most sugars even the “brown” ones are generally extracted saps from trees or flowers, roots or corn, etc. Them being brown or having some nutrients does not make thin either health promoting not whole-foods. They are of similar concern as white sugar.
The sugars naturally found and consumed in whole foods do not pose health problems.
Commercial sweeteners are absolutely not whole foods, they are not even foods. Do not use them.
Besides, some do pose health concerns (like stevia or aspartame) others are experimental (erythritol) and may well be the next aspartame or MSG scandal, a risk we don’t run with corn or dates natural sweetness. The only safe whole-food sweetener I know that is a powerful natural sweeteener called Luo Han Guo (more below)
Sweetening sources that are not whole foods – DO NOT USE
Anything that doesn’t look like a whole plant food, and with the word sugar, syrup, or molasses in it, to list only a few:
raw cane sugar (or Sucanat)
ALTERNATIVES TO SUGAR TO SWEETEN FOOD
The most powerful alternative to sugar is to let your taste buds have less sweet foods so that they can learn to become more sensitive to the natural sweet taste of food and beverages. That should allow you to enjoy beverages with no added sweetness of any kind, and to enjoy food at a lower sweetness level. This being said, there is nothing wrong with enjoying sweetness or sweet foods, as long as that comes from whole foods and not extracted sugars.
There are some very common whole-food sources of sweet flavour that you can use:
Date sugar, homemade only, when it’s made from dried pulverized dates = “date flour”, not the commercial “date sugar” which is often date-extracted sugar and therefore just as mertabolically hazardous as any other sugar.
Raisins, currants, sultanas and other dried fruits but read the ingredients: some come loaded with oil, sugar, preservatives which you can tell form the ingredients or the sodium content for preservatives.
Sweet potatoes like baked orange kumara
Whole-food sweetener: Luo Han Guo*, found in the near tea in many Chinese Shops. Boiled in water it is a very potent natural sweetener with, a long history of usage and not a single known health concern to my best current knowledge after researching it. It might be pulverizable into a powder for use in cooking, baking etc.
* For NZ-Wellington: This can be found at Yan’s Supermarket off Webb Street, or in NZ Lower Hutt’s Davis Trading for Lo Han Guo, see tea section.
The issue with salt has little to do with whole-food or not. Salt is simply not a food, so the wholeness (process salt vs unprocessed sea salt) is secondary and does not matter at all. Added salt is used as a flavour enhancer, for people who have grown a habit for it and not yet weaned off.
Unfortunately it is the source of unnecessary stress/damage on cardiovascular health because it creates a state of hypertension to push the sodium out of the body.
Hypertension leads to serious health concerns, and is considered a cardiovascular disease, yet it is virtually entirely caused by eating a lot of salt or preserved/processed foods. The sodium naturally occuring in plants is more than we need.
There is no right way to eat the wrong foods so all the salts below are salts and should never be part of food:
DO NOT USE:
Himalayan pink salt
black salt (also known as “kala namak”)
or anything with the word “salt” in it or with outrageously high amounts/concentrations of salt or sodium in it.
If you buy partially processed products (like the jarred salt-free tomato paste we use off-season*) always read the ingredients and nutritional content. Sodium per 100g in whole foods is rarely ever above a few dozens: 5 mg, 10mg, 20mg are numbers that shouldn’t worry you. Just make sure it’s mg (milligrams) not grams like I see sometimes. If you start seeing hundreds, something’s wrong, except for a tiny handful or expections that are naturally high-sodium inside them.
Be aware that salt and sodium also are virtually everywhere in processed foods, from canned foods to cookies, to even dried fruit! In restaurants you may order salt-free food but if they relied on processed foods like pasta, or sauces, etc, those also come generously loaded with sodium. As I said in introduction, do not waste your time trying to fix a broken system, build your own, without any of the otherwise inescapable nonsense.
ALTERNATIVES TO SALT
Quitting all salt, and processed foods, is the single best alternative to salt and sodium. It can be done painlessly over 3 weeks to 3 months. After only 3 weeks most people start developing a dislike for salted foods and a preference for unsalted foods. Yes, your taste buds are magical, and you need to harness this power you already have.
Immortalizing the moment when we stopped using salt at home 🙂
What to do about flavour? Preparing food for people that are used to salt?
Simply use more of natural flavours!
We put more of the flavourful foods in our cooking: slightly more spices, more carrots, more celery, more onion, garlic, more whole-food sweetness to lift up the taste without salt, more sourness (from lemon or tamarind) or more whole-food sweetness from dates or other naturally sweet foods. If you hit the tongue right it won’t need a bang from salt, even the highly-demanding tongues and palates of people who have not yet weaned off salt.
People on low-sodium dietary lifestyles have used all sorts of spices instead of salt. They like to go by “salt alternatives” and “salt replacements”. I don’t like those phrasings because when you don’t need salt, you don’t need to replace salt.
I offer to transcend the idea of even replacing salt, and simply understanding that our tongue (and nose) is full of sensors for all sorts of things (for the tongue: sweetness, sourness, bitterness…) and your tongue likes a good whip to be happy. So whip up your tongue (wut-tish!) with everything you have that is an actual food, it will thank you for it.
When we quit salt, my first natural urge was to add sourness (lemon/lime) to everything, but that’s just me.
My tongue loves sour, bitter, sweet but not too chilli-hot, I like pungent but not too garliquey. For my partner it’s completely different. My partner likes NOT sour, NOT bitter, NOT as sweet as I do. She likes VERY spicy, NOT pungent, but VERY garliquey. If food isn’t chili-hot, for her, it’s not food! For me it’s the same but with sour.
So each person’s tongue likes to be whiped its own way. Find your taste spot and give it what it needs!
How to do about salt-containing products? like canned chickpeas, dried fruits with high sodium, spice mixes, etc? Simple: dont’ use them. Find salt-free options if it’s trivial to find, or just save time and make your own.
If you have concerns about health:
The sodium in whole plant foods is far more than sufficient to meet our body’s needs in sodium. Look around, how many land mammals and animals do you see walking around with salt shaker? Salt does not contribute to health.
Any white rice, because it is “milled” = removing the nutrient-rich outer layer (rice bran), then polished after milling to make it look good again.
Whole-food alternatives to milled/polished white rice:
Brown Basmati rice
Brown Jasmine rice
Brown Thai rice
Note: There are different “whole” grades of the rices below. Some rices that look whole (with a bran on top) are actually partially milled (to remove bran partially) or partially polished. Producers undoubtedly derive extra profits from bran as a by-product, sold as animal feed, for rice bran oil, etc. Ideally you want a rice that is unmilled and unpolished. Visual examination might be enough, I’ll start paying attention and see if I notice differences.
LEGUMES, PULSES, BEANS, AND PEAS
Not whole foods:
Red lentils (they are what’s left when you remove the highly-nutritious brans)
Whole-food alternatives to split legumes:
The unsplit whole grains, i.e. your typical chickpeas or lentils or beans with their skin.
Standard pasta. This is why:
Whole-food alternative to white pasta:
Wholemeal or whole grain pasta
Any pasta made at home from whole grains or whole grain semolina.
Note: Commercial use of the term “whole” can be abused in “wholemeal” pasta due to expectable partial amounts of whole semolina or recombined whole semolina made from refined semolina some extracted bran or fiber to give a whole “feel”.
Most breads marketed as “whole meal” or “whole grain” use most often only a small amount of whole-meal flour 10% to 25% only typically. The rest is baker’s white flour, a highly- refined product. Besides whole-food aspects, baker’s flours or bread flours and the wheats they come from are generally under a lot of pressure to be high-protein, high-gluten, and have extremely specific characteristics all highly focused on one thing: to make their final processing standardized and idiot-proof. That requires both high selection of the wheat, and high processing, both of which make the job easy for bakers but has led to wheats that can nutritionally poor since nutrition never was the concern, unnecessarily high-protein, unnecessarily high-gluten, and which generally seem to cause more health issues than more traditional wheats, not specifically selected or refined for bread or bakers. Few people that are not bakers or cereal producers know this.
Commercial breads also come with high amounts of salt/sodium. About a gram of salt per 100g, and I know from personal experience it’s outstandingly easy to eat not just 100g of bread a day, but many hundred grams, which is utterly unnecessary hypertension on our blood vessels and the organs they supply.
Whole-food alternative to store-bought non whole-food breads:
I already wasted ample time looking for truly 100% whole and salt-free bread, let me save you some time. Like many quests to find healthy foods processed by industry, looking for a truly whole and salt-free bread in shops and bakeries was a quest for the Yeti, the Bigfoot, and the Unicorn combined. I would have made enough bread healthy bread for the year by actually not looking for one.
Solution? Make your own bread at home, with baker’s yeast or a sourdough culture, no salt, and if you want to flavour it maybe throw some fennel seeding in the dough. That’s what we’ve been doing.
If you are a breadoholic, invest 50~100$ into a kneading machine and visit op-shops for secondhand baking trays, rolling pins, whatever you may need.
We don’t often make bread anymore, maybe once or twice a month, about 2 kg, and it never lasts as long as we wish it did! At that pace, I actually love and very much enjoy the (minimal) kneading that is required. No machine or fancy equipment here. Home bread-making can be made very easy and very time-efficient.
There are many recipes online to make bread from 100% whole flour from any grain or seeds that’s suitable to you.
Pretty much all commercial dressings, primarily due to oil, sugar, salt and other refined ingredients.
Whole-food alternatives to dressings:
Find recipes for oil-free dressings, and remove salt, replace sugars by whole sweet foods, and high-fat foods by low-fat foods.
Create your own: Play with sweet whole foods (e.g. apples, raisins and dates), sour whole foods (like lemon or lime) and instead of fatty base like oil or cashews use a starchy base like blended and cooked pea, beans, or grains with enough water will make a nice and runny cream.
LEAVENING / RISING DOUGHS / BAKING NEEDS
Baking powder (+ extra concern with sodium content as it is sodium bicarbonate)
Baking soda (+ extra concern with sodium content as it often contains sodium bicarbonate or other sodium salts)
Various essences, either natural or artificial flavours
Whole-food alternatives to baking needs:
Aromas: spices, spice-seeds (fennel, caraway, etc), herbs, real vanilla, grated lemon, dried fruit, orange peels, bananas, etc.
This will not rise instantly, the rising processes takes longer, but good news: you don’t have to sit and stare at breads and cakes leaven! Yeasts are shy and prefer making babies when no one is starring at them and desperately waiting for them to be done 😛 Set an alarm and go on about your life while it’s rising 🙂
PICKLES, FERMENTED AND PRESERVED PLANT FOODS
These are of particular concern to health not because of the whole-foods being pickled, but because of the ridiculous amounts of salt, oil, sugar and preservatives used to keep those.
Salt-free purple cabbage sauerkraut culturing as I write
HOW TO DO WHEN EATING OUT?
It’s a very good question!
We all like to go out, have lunch and dinners with friends.
How do we do?
At this point of time, my partner and I eat about 90% of our meals from home-made food. It’s all low-fat, whole-food vegan, with no oil, no salt, no sugar.
We eat from restaurants and cafés about twice a week, that the 10%. The food we eat out is not always perfect, but we try, and it’s been worth trying so far, even if sometimes it’s a bit of a sport. Restaurants like all businesses care first and foremost about one thing, that is making profit. The health officer in that trade is you and you alone, so you get what you encourage and ask for. Restaurants follow what the people holding the money want, and these people need to express their needs.
Do we really need restaurants and take-aways to “eat out”?
Everything you didn’t make yourself from scratch using whole plant foods is eating out. If you got your act sorted out, that eating out remains the only possible source of unhealthy eating.
Before zooming on restaurants and take-ways, let’s talk about “eating out”.
First of all there are a number of reasons why people eat out. Convenience, hanging out with people, getting food inspiration, etc…A number of these needs can be met without having to go to a restaurant. Since it can be a bit of challenge getting truly healthy whole foods from restaurants, with the help of like-minded friends we have been federating a culture of healthy eating among our friends and communities. So we’re having more potlucks, more dinners and meals at each others house, etc. To some extent, so many restaurants could exist only on a base of lack of community bonds, lack of time spent in the kitchen, and lack of direct sharing in people’s life. This is easy to remedy: Share and make foods for yourself *and* your friends!
That’s our growing whole-food gang, meeting for a lovely autumn picnic. We’re heading towards doing this at least twice a month.
There is also nothing wrong with bringing your own food to work, going to the company/school canteen with your boxes, and sitting at your friends table with your own food. The spotlight won’t be on you too long if you know why you’re doing it and how to articulate it. In fact you may get them to join you…who doesn’t want to spare themselves a heart attack? diabetes? hypertension and all the plagues of animal-based eating?
Restaurants, take-aways, cafés and other food venues
When eating out we skip everything that is deep-fried, or fried, expect stir-fries, more below on this. What’s left is either vegan or not, and to keep choices large, I include non-vegan options so I can explore if it can be veganized (in passing that encourages vegan options). If something is a stir-fry, I ask to water-fry as I ask for “vegan, no oil, no salt, no sugar”.
“No oil” is currently the most frightening new challenge for most restaurants. Oil is still very central to restaurant/café kitchens and it often seems unconceivable for them to not use oil, either for cooking convenience, time-saving, or for taste. It’s not rare that the person taking our order would go and check with the kitchen to see if they can do that.
Good news though: most often restaurants can remove oil, sugar or salt to some relevant amount, if not entirely. There is of course the odd one out where the waiter “vegan, no oil, no salt, no sugar” and the food comes either stir-fried with oil, or drizzed with it, or far too salty or sweet, it happened…but quite rarely. There is also the odd one out where a restaurant would insist “The chef doesnt’ want to do a stir-fry with no oil, he/she/it needs oil”. Other times, they would honestly say they wish but they can’t because the food is batch-prepared with oil, sugar, or salt. But most of the time they can remove something, if not all.
Where my face is not familiar yet, waiters taking my food order the first time often (unwittingly) patronizingly tell me that the food will not be very good. But that’s their worried untrained palate speaking, so it’s worth insisting that they shouldn’t worry about taste and that I eat like that everyday and like it a lot. They can get surprisingly insisting that your palate will not find it tasty basically, afraid perhaps to serve a customer a very unpalatable experience that may convert into bad business. But be “kindly firm” in those cases. And when you’re done with your meal and thank them before leaving, tell them what you thought about the food (it’s usually good!). It’s usually only the first time, it gets smooth and easy when you go regularly to the same food places. Once you develop relationships with them, if they’re open to it, they eventually get interested into your motivations to order in this unusual way for them.
A friend, Caitlin, also gave me the tip of ordering a few hours in advance, ahead of peak hours. Not sure why that works, but it works for her and for other people apparently.
We have had some really lovely restaurant experiences, some waiters, chefs or restaurants owners that would have dealt with disease themselves or through a close person. They’d know about why eating the way we do is vitally important, and they were accommodating. Such a breeze when that happens!
Such an accommodating place served us this, everything is no oil, no salt, no sugar. 3 out of 4 plates here are low-fat whole foods: Kachumber (Indian salad), wholemeal bread (Indian roti), and the best chana masala (Indian chickpea curry) I’ve had in my life. Only the rice on the top left is not a whole food, but white rice. Not bad at all overall relatively. The restaurant is Rangoli, in Kapiti, NZ. Great friendly/kind service, rather cosy, amazing food, some vegan wines too.
So far, I talked oil, salt, sugar, but that doesn’t make a tofu burger whole-food, does it?
No it doesn’t. At this point of time, most breads in restaurants are white breads (less so in Indian restaurants), pasta is still always refined white pasta, rice is not yet routinely brown rice or another whole rice, etc…We make do our best with what we have at hand. More and more, I do ask though about the wholeness of the pasta, rice, breads. I would know the answer in advance most of the time, so why do I keep asking? Because customers’ questions always act as subtle requests and they are! It can start very constructive educational conversations for the staff and restaurant, as well as for us in terms of the challenges that they encounter, which we may able to help with.
A restaurant we often go to even started to put on the menu that whole-food options are available with no oil, sugar or salt. The owner, it turns out, already had a preference for oil-free food and whole foods and just needed someone to request it to feel motivated to pursue that route.
This restaurant is in Wellington NZ: Adulis African restaurant, proposing currently essentially Ethiopian/Sudanese foods. Currently in the process of going using more whole foods and pro-actively encouraging options with no oil, salt, sugar. Wonderful! This is at long last the future that many of us have been waiting for, it’s amazing! And again, restaurant owner also very cheerful and friendly person, and so is staff generally. That’s becoming more and more one of regular healthy go-tos.
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What did you learn from this?
Do you feel I forget something important in this list?
Is there something you want to suggest adding?
Do you have short videos (< 5 min) that show clearly the products we’re used to being processed from a whole food to an extracted, refined, nutritionally damaged product?
What struggles are you facing with going WFPN (whole-food plant nutrition)?
or with quitting salt, sugar, and oil?
Iodine content of New Zealand’s Common Edible Wild Seaweeds, for (low-sodium) adequate iodine intake
This article documents the amount of edible seaweeds commonly found on NZ’s shores, that adults can rely on as their exclusive source of iodine, in replacement for iodized salt. Why would anyone drop salt? That you will get a hint in the second part “The Story” but first…the facts!
It took me so much time to compile all this info together, so today is a very exciting day, finally putting this out for everyone to enjoy 🙂 Here’s the menu, and I wish you a lot of fun in foraging, and a healthy long happy life away from the unnecessary pains of hypertension! Later (in a future post hopefully) I will tell you the story of why I gave up salt completely, and how to achieve that in just about 3 months painlessly. But this post for now is more about the “how” part of staying away from salt.
This article is a work in progress. Since I am starting to have a set of actionable data, I am sharing so you can enjoy it as well.
Things to know beforehand to use the facts intelligently
The seaweeds below are found virtually everywhere on New Zealand coasts, if one is not, another will. There is no need to go specifically to the sites listed below, those are just sites chosen by the scientists for their own reasons. In any case, do your foraging safety homework first: always have a buddy, never pull but instead cut live seaweeds so they can regrow, watch your steps to avoid sea snails on rocks, small stand-alone rocks/boulders can are not stable even if they’re big and heavy, no stream pouring nearby, no industries and boating activity nearby, no sewage discharge nearby…I can’t be thorough here on these.
Basically, this article is not a thorough coastal foraging guide. There are some specific things you may want to know for different aspects of safety, other things you may want to know to minimize your impact on the intertidal biodiversity, some sites may be tapu (considered sacred by Māori) and better left alone, etc. All I do here is document the iodine/sodium content of a few common edibles.
Also, this article focuses on iodine requirement for adults. If you need the seaweed numbers for children or adolescents contact me, I’ll be happy computing them and updating this article for you.
The quantities below only apply to cleaned and dried seaweeds, not to wet seaweeds: not drained, not seaweeds that feel dry-ish to the touch. By dried I mean something you put effort into drying: crispy-dry if thin seaweeds or corn-chips-cracky/dry if thick just to be very clear. The cleaning to reduce salt content consists in soaking in freshwater (non-salty) baths with several water changes.
Seaweeds are known to show some variation in their characteristics like nutrient content, between species even closely related ones, based on the micro-ecosystem, weather, seasons, etc…In fact this applies to all plants, but people tend to be used to the idea that all foods contain exactly what the nutritional facts state. They don’t, those are averages and estimates from ranges that sometimes are very wide! This being said, some of these seaweeds have been measured in different places of a coherent geographic area (NZ) and at different times of the year. Also, the ranges of iodine are generally always in the same narrow range, most often.
Different seaweeds have different “iodine species” (different molecules that contains iodine) and they are not digested the same. So it’s difficult to know how much iodine is absorbable exactly from seaweeds in general, let alone variations among people etc. This article assumes all iodine in the plant is absorbed, it may not be the case, but this assumption provides a additional margin of safety to stay clear from excess. As for staying of deficiency, minimum iodine requirements are likely to be met at doses between the recommended daily value and the tolerable upper limit. Both will be provided.
The unit below will be “mcg / g” means microgram per gram. I prefer this unit for iodine because daily requirements are expressed in micrograms and grams are something people can measure in their kitchen. This unit is the same as “mg / kg” (milligram per kilogram) or “ppm” (parts per million).
The little number between brackets (i.e.  or ) is to direct to the source of that information, listed below in Sources.
Seaweeds Iodine/Sodium contents and daily intake
If you found in the literature, or measured in your lab other values from these for LOCALLY HARVESTED/FARMED (in New Zealand) seaweeds named below, please comment the sources or drop me an email and I’ll get in touch with you to ask for the more info to update this article.
SEAWEEDS WITH LOW IODINE (FOR EATING)
Long sea lettuce – Ulva stenophylla – (Maori name?)
Image credits: Photo: Algaebase;
Illustration: Setchell and Gardner, 1920b
More info: http://www.marinelife.ac.nz/species/1052
Note: Ulva stenophylla is a specific species of Ulva (sea lettuces). Data provided may be different for other Ulva. To illustrate that, for instance Ulva stenophylla was found to have double the protein of Ulva lactuca , another sea lettuce. Nothing guarantees all Ulva have the same nutritional profile.
Wild samples (3): 27 ±12 mcg/g 
The adult DRI of 150 mcg/day is attained with: ~10g (washed, dried, sodium: ~20mg)
The NZ Tolerable upper Limit is attained with: ~35g (washed, dried, sodium: ~55mg)
(DRI = Daily Recommended Intake, TUL = Tolerable Upper Limit, defined by NZ, as of 2010)
Wild samples (3):
Onehunga Bay, Auckland April 2004
Onehunga Bay, Auckland April 2004
Onehunga Bay, Auckland August 2004
Nori – Porphyra species – Karengo (Maori)
Image credits: (left) Kim Westerskov; (right) Wendy Nelson, NIWA
DRI for iodine (150 mcg/day) is attained with: ~4g (washed, dried, sodium: ~6mg)
TUL for iodine (1100 mcg/day) is attained with: ~13g (washed, dried, sodium: ~22mg)
(DRI = Daily Recommended Intake, TUL = Tolerable Upper Limit, defined by NZ, as of 2010)
Wild samples (3):
Nelson May-October 2004 (3)
Commercial sample (1):
Kaikoura Coast 2004
Wakame – Undaria pinnatifida – (not a native plant => no Maori name)
DRI for iodine (150 mcg/day) is attained with: ~1g (washed, dried, sodium: ~40mg)
TUL for iodine (1100 mcg/day) is attained with: ~5g (washed, dried, sodium: ~200mg)
(DRI = Daily Recommended Intake, TUL = Tolerable Upper Limit, defined by NZ, as of 2010)
This seaweed has a very wide variation of iodine content. Only a tolerable upper limit can be given for the worst-case scenario.
That amount which should be safe in terms of avoiding excess can be in certain cases too low to meet daiy recommended value. This seaweed is safe for occasional seasoning, but not recommended to rely on safely as one’s daily only source of iodine.
TUL for iodine (1100 mcg/day) is attained with *potentially*: ~2g (washed, dried, sodium: ~100mg)
Wild samples (3):
Piha, Auckland, NZ , April 2004 (2)
Maori Bay, Auckland, NZ, in August 2004 (1)
SEAWEEDS WITH HIGH IODINE (FOR SEASONING)
Use only as seasoning: from the same way most people sprinkle salt or pepper, to rather the way toddlers would sprinkle super hot chilli pepper in their food 🙂
DRI for iodine (150 mcg/day) is attained with: ~0,2g (washed, dried, sodium: ~10mg)
TUL for iodine (1100 mcg/day) is attained with: ~0,8g (washed, dried, sodium: ~50mg)
(DRI = Daily Recommended Intake, TUL = Tolerable Upper Limit, defined by NZ, as of 2010)
If you do not have a microgram scale, to visualise how much that is, start from a large amount that your scale can measure (i.e. 10g) and divide the pile of seaweed just visually and with your hands, until you divide enough to reach those values. Divide 10g ÷ 2 =5g, ÷5 =>1g, ÷5 => 0.2g, *4 = 0.8g
Wild samples (3):
Piha, Auckland April 2004
Ti Point, Leigh April 2004
Beaumont, Auckland August 2004
DRI for iodine (150 mcg/day) is attained with: ~0,07g (washed, dried, sodium: ~3mg)
TUL for iodine (1100 mcg/day) is attained with: ~0,5g (washed, dried, sodium: ~20mg)
(DRI = Daily Recommended Intake, TUL = Tolerable Upper Limit, defined by NZ, as of 2010)
* Commercial sample (1):
Tory Channel, near Nelson, NZ, 2003. (Sold as “kelp pepper”)
Wild samples (4): 3990 ±242 mcg/g 
Commercial samples (1): 3719.45 mcg/g  (within range of wild)
DRI for iodine (150 mcg/day) is attained with: ~0,04g (washed, dried, sodium: ~1mg)
TUL for iodine (1100 mcg/day) is attained with: ~0,25g (washed, dried, sodium: ~8mg)
(DRI = Daily Recommended Intake, TUL = Tolerable Upper Limit, defined by NZ, as of 2010)
You need a microgram scale if you want to visualize these amounts.
Wild samples (4):
Maori Bay, Auckland April 2004
Matheson Bay, Auckland April 2004
Beaumont, Auckland August 2004
Takapuna, Auckland August 2004
Commercial sample (1):
Wairarapa Coast 2004
Methods of calculation
Detail of the method used for calculating amounts of seaweed to attain adult DRI or TUL:
For DRI, the worst-case scenario is when the wild seaweed has the lowest possible average concentration.
This is because you want to have at least the DRI, so even the lowest concentration (in theory*) meets the needs.
Worst-case iodine concentration = Average of wild <minus> standard error (the number after ±)
For TUL, the worst-case scenario is when the wild seaweed has the highest possible average concentration.
This is because you want to not exceed the upper limit, so even the highest concentration (in theory*) meets the needs.
Worst-case iodine concentration = Average of wild <plus> standard error (the number after ±)
Then divide UL or DRI by worst-case concentration => How much covers the needs.
The sodium estimations are obtained in the following way: Average sodium concentration for that species <multiplied by> amount to meet DRI or TUL. The sodium quantities have their own standard error (small variations) but since the sodium amounts are extremely very low, high precision is irrelevant.
* There is no guarantee that seaweeds you may forage will match these number. They are quite likely too, but also may no. That means you can get “worse” with what you forage than my worst case-scenarios. Realistically, since people eat seaweed without caring at all to begin with, the guidelines and maximum edible amounts are very useful and far less risky than eating with no guideline.
Part 2/2 – THE STORY
Seaweeds are like Rome, all roads lead to them. I love to forage, to try new things in the kitchen, to try plant foods I never had, and to make sure people have the nutrients and health they need. These are some of many avenues where my insatiable curiosity roams to play, and each of them separately took me to seaweeds, like by enchantment. Can you imagine how fulfilling it can be walking by the beach and just snapping photos of seaweeds and intertidal species, going to the library to find books with pictures, learning to recognize, and then be foraging, preparing, something delicious and which takes an important place in nutrition? As fulfilling as falling in love for the first time. That is what life is all about, and I have yet a new lover. This time it is seaweeds!
Since transitioning to whole-food eating for evident health reasons, my partner and I no longer consume salt at home, like, interestingly, millions of other land-bound animal species that do very well without a salt shaker. Yes folks, sodium is of vital importance. What you may not know is that all the vital sodium you need, and far more than you need, is in all sorts of plant foods you eat, but we’ll keep the detailed story for another day, subscribe the RSS if you want to keep posted on new posts. Anyhow, since something as harmful as salt had been chosen as a vehicle for iodine fortification: if you skip the salt, you also skip the iodine, at least in iodine depleted soils like in New Zealand.
So we had three or really two choices:
Replace the salt shaker by some sort of iodine supplement (in cooking, or as a tablet) but we had lost the salt shaker reflex and it is weird taking a pill each breakfast. You see, a cherry-flavoured vitamin B12 that melts in the mouth, once a week, is not a problem, but an iodine drug-like pill everyday, in a pill box and had with a glass of water, not for us…too medication-like.
Rely on eating sea-animals (fishes, mollusks, etc…) but there’s a major problem with that.
Recently, we fixed an urgently needed upgrade in our frankly standard and deficient knowledge on animal exploitation and the pressing issues related. Watch these documentaries Earthlings, Seaspiracy, Cowspiracy, to get a better idea what made us a bit less less ignorant on rather very important things. Anyway we decided it made complete sense to stay clear of intentionally killing/exploiting animals and better to instead just leave them alone along with the ecosystems they live in => Everything but sea animals, not even an option.
Simpler, tastier, and far more fun: Learn to forage seaweeds! Go have a fun walk on the beach regularly, forage seaweeds and eat the right amount regularly. Use the right ones as a food and the right ones as a pepper (to sprinkle in small amounts).
Option #3 is very appealing now 🙂
Before that, my first approach was “iodine supplementation only” as can be appreciated in this article. I was quite wary of variations in iodine content of seaweeds, some of which are enormous, and I did not want to take the risk. Having learned a bit more about seaweeds since that article, and a bit more about iodine acceptable intakes, I feel safe dropping the iodine supplement and relying more on locally foraged seaweeds. A decision like this is not done lightly and required good hands-on and knowledge on a few things:
knowing iodine concentrations in local seaweeds locally documented (so basically not something you read about “kombu” or “kelp” in general as a product, but science journals publishing iodine levels in clearly named and specific seaweed species harvested locally). That’s the only thing this article will help with.
a good ability to recognize exactly those species when foraging (not too hard but must be learned and practiced)
foraging safety (i.e. foraging fresh seaweeds instead of decaying ones, away from sources of pollution such as manufactures, landfills, sewage …)
If you hit a gym where you know no one, just approach the oldest person you see and ask them to show you around the machines and the weights. People at the gym are very friendly and often very willing to share their knowledge. The older are more likely to be wise and documented, so by choosing them you might learn right away how to do things properly. Okay, now that you know the machines…
HAVE PRECISE AND REALISTIC OBJECTIVES
What do you want ? Lose fat ? (In this case your only friend at the gym with be the treadmill and bike, forget about the weights) You want a full body workout or want to focus on some parts only ? What body type are you ? This will condition how fast you gain muscle and how easy it will be to maintain low fat. What is your budget ? Because most gyms have a fee and you may want to supplement your nutrition or buy better foods. Think very well about what you expect from your gym presence, and how much time you are willing to give to it. A workout session can range from 30 minutes to two hours, and people workout from once to 6 times a week in extreme cases. To begin softly, twice a week should be fine, after a while question it and adapt your workout frequency to your objectives and availabilities.
Having clear objectives is the base for motivation.And motivation, when added to discipline, is the base for success.
DOCUMENT THE EXERCISES
Now that you know what you want and know the machines and weights, you need to figure out what exercises will make your selected body parts work out.
For this purpose, I will not say more than Youtube and Google are your friends.
Basic vocabulary: Exercise, Set, Repetition.
An exercise defines the position and the gesture that you are going to make. Given an exercise, you can do several sets. A set, as its names suggests, is a series of repetitions that you do in a row without stopping. A repetition is the combination of one flexion and one extension. So if I say “Flat Benchpress, 30kg 3×8” the exercise is “flat benchpress”, the bar + weights will overall weight 30kg, and you will do 3 sets of 8 repetitions (reps) each.
Be curious, learn how the body is made and learn what a good posture is. When you selected your exercises for your personal workout, you need to figure out…
WHAT WEIGHTS TO START WITH?
This is precisely the part I will insist on because it is under-documented. It remains however of major importance for you not to hurt yourself, and above all make progress.
Many people (even educated ones…) just lift weights and have not yet understood that there is some elementary chemistry and engineering that rule a workout’s success, and that MUST be understood. Otherwise, it is the same as pressing random buttons on a cockpit; you know it may do something, but you have no idea what it does…
Now back to WHAT WEIGHTS SHOULD I START WITH?
Nothing makes me angrier than websites or forums that answer this question in this fashion: “For biceps beginners should start with 8kgs” .
NO, NO, NO and NO.
Everybody, or shall I say every body is different. From a person to another, different muscular masses can be observed. But even two persons with the same profile may not have the same aptitudes.
My point is : YOU NEED TO FIND OUT THE WEIGHTS WILL WORK FOR YOU.
Your next question would be “Okay, and HOW EXACTLY am I supposed to ‘find out’ ?”. Well, that is the very question I want to answer today.
You need to figure out your 1RM. What is that?
The 1RM method is that thing everyone talks about on the net, without ever suggesting it to beginners which is why I am doing it today.
1RM means One Repetition Max. It is the maximum weight that exhausts you after one complete repetition. In other words, with your 1RM weight, you can do one repetition but absolutely not two. This state of muscular exhaustion is often called failure, concentric failure or point of failure. The 1RM weight will trace your progress, and will be the reference for you to vary the weight within your program.
Of course, there are as many 1RM weight values as there are combinations of people and exercises.
In practice, the only big problem is that pulling your 1RM weight can be dangerous, especially for beginners. It is indeed very straining and harmful if you are not well prepared or if do it too often. Hopefully, there is a safe method to figure your 1RM weight out based on your ability with lighter weights.
Here is the method I suggest to find safely what weight to start with:
Take the smallest weight you can find for this exercise or machine.
It may be way too light for you but do it for these 2 reasons: it not too heavy so it’s safe anyway, and it will warm you up, which will improve your later performance.
If you can do 10 reps and feel you can do more just stop at 10.
Rest 5 minutes, double the last poundage, and repeat Step 2 until you reach your point of failure in less than 10 reps.
For the set that brought you to failure in less than 10 reps, write down the weight used and the corresponding number of reps.
Congratulations! Now you know what weights to start with.
This method, although safer than using directly your 1RM weight, may cause muscle pain if you do not do this : Remember to WARM UP BEFORE (all the mucles that going to work), and stretch them all AFTER. Do it well and do take the time it needs or you will be sorry. A pill of magnesium after your workout will help avoiding muscle soreness. A rather ectomorphic friend has accepted to experiment this method he was fine because he did so.
Don’t reach failure too often or it will be counter-productive. There should be at least two full days (48 hours) before your muscles can sufficiently recover from the last concentric failure. Muscle fibers are destroyed in a workout, creating new muscle while recovering. If you don’t let it recover enough you will destroy more than you create, resulting sometimes in muscle mass and performance decrease rather than the intended increase.
HAVE A PROGRAM AND LOG
If you want to maximize the efficiency for a workout you need to set a clear program.
A good workout program will:
INCLUDE PRE AND POST WORKOUT WARMING UP ONLY BEFORE / STRETCHING ONLY AFTER.
Allow you to rest. The muscle is built during your rests and sleep, not at the gym. Working out is like those things that don’t work anymore if you do too much of them.
Increase Intensity (= heavier weights). Many people at the gym keep the same weights and have their little routine. It allows no progress because their body has no reason to create muscle since it has enough muscle for the task you got it used to. Constantly force your body to go beyond what it already can handle. It may seem like you reach limits, but often times we’re standing far behind them. Do more reps, then add weight and so on .
Be logged. Keep a journal of what you do. This way you will have all you need to change exercises and poundage. It will also display your progress. For this latter purpose I also suggest taking pictures! Because your weight may not show your progress. Typically, you can loose fat and gain muscle at the same time, have the exact same weight as initially, but you may look a lot more sculpted. So do take pictures even if you are not a big fan of them, they may raise your motivation to higher heights.
Change exercises every now and then to attack your muscles differently . Subsequently it will also keep your motivation up by putting some new spices in your workout.
FOR INTERMEDIATES : Alternate different poundage. It does not sound logical at first sight but established research and experiments show that maximum gains are observed when a bodybuilder engages in some easy and medium workouts, alternating them with heavy workouts.
Looking ripe is the combination of two things:
ABOVE ALL : LOW BODY FAT, too often neglected.
High Muscle Mass.
Forget about supplements, it is just rushing and probably taking risks to try and MAYBE get what you are sure to get safely if you keep it easy and do things properly. Unless you really know everything about them. Otherwise I suggest you read this post On Supplementing.
Working out is the science of Strength and Conditioning. It is not sitting down, pulling random weights and swallowing random magic products. The results will be the combination of how smartly you behave at the gym, and more importantly how you behave OUTSIDE THE GYM. Read my article on nutrition.
ADOPT A HEALTHY LIFESTYLE
To maximize the efficiency and encourage faster and better results, you may need to scan your lifestyle for removal of bad habits. Learn how to have the best possible sleep. A good sleep is indeed of tremendous importance as it is a key period of the recovery of your body. Muscle mass creation is in fact a recovery process from the workout. Alcohol, tobacco and drugs (even the soft ones) will also affect your workouts results in a negative way. I really look at being ripe as a health concept more than something purely aesthetic. You look healthy with those visible muscles but unlike a bunch of those monkeys at the gym try to focus also on actually BEING healthy. When you’ll be old and ugly at least you’ll have health left 🙂
 Strength Assessment, Matt Brzycki, coordinator of health, fitness, strength and conditioning programs at Princeton University.